Renaissance Science and The Electromagnetic Technology of Platonic Love.

The Fullerene Chemistry life-science of the three 1996 Nobel Laureates in Chemistry was based upon the synergistic engineering principles of Buckminster Fuller, which challenged the basis of 20th Century science. Harvard University's Novatis Professor, Amy Edmonson in her online book titled 'The Fuller Explanation' explains that Buckminster Fuller derived his engineering principles from the mathematics of the Greek philosopher Plato. Most people have heard of the term 'Platonic love' and now that Platonic-Fullerene Chemistry has come into existence, we might ask the question, what practical engineering principles might be associated with Platonic love?

To answer that question we can examine how the new chemistry challenges the general understanding of modern science. The NASA High Energy Astrophysics Division library has published papers arguing that the Platonic tradition of Greek philosophy was based upon fractal geometrical logic. All life-sciences within the present accepted understanding of science, can only be about species moving toward extinction. This is because Einstein's 'Premier law of all Science' demands the total destruction of all life in the universe when all of its heat is radiated away into cold space. On the other hand, Plato's ethical logic is based upon fractal geometry, which we know extends life-science to infinity. The New Measurement of Humanity Project at the University of Florence, on September 24th 2010, was honoured with the Georgio Napolitano Medal on behalf of the Republic of Italy. The Project's upgrading of quantum mechanics to quantum biology, agreed with Plato's logic.

The practical engineering principles we seek, belongs to the difference between aesthetics and ethics. Ethics can now be considered to be part of science itself, rather that being considered to be only about how we use science. We can explain the difference in simplistic terms rather than complex electromagnetic biological terms that belongs to quantum biology. We know that the old chemistry we have, does indeed obey Einstein's law of Universal decay. However, we know from the discovery of Sir Isaac Newton's unpublished papers, discovered last century, that Newton held the firm conviction that a more profound natural philosophy existed to balance the energy decay of the mechanical universe. Newton's principles, responsible for this balance, belonged to Plato's lost 'Science for ethical ends'.

During the 18th Century, the philosopher Immanuel Kant defined aesthetics as the theory of art appreciation, but he also sought ethics technology from within the electromagnetic theories of his day, an electric motor to make the one we know as a child's toy by comparison. Kantian aesthetics in the 21st Century has become the basis of a moral logic to guide various types of organisations. An interest in ethical electromagnetic biological science is re-emerging, because of the new Platonic-Fullerene Chemistry.

Any aesthetic consciousness in the beauty of, say, a painting of a lovely mountain range with majestic waterfalls, is about seeing beauty in decay, the waterfalls are eating away at the structure of the mountain. The aesthetic feeling, therefore, belongs to the material world of destructive reality, but it inspires a peaceful harmonic creative intuition in the mind. The Nobel Laureate in Medicine, Svent-Gyoergyi, was so insistent that this material decay was balanced by the evolution of consciousness, that he called scientists who did not realise this, crazy apes and wrote a book with that title. We can now begin to think that the mental harmonics associated with mareialistc aesthetics and the evolution of the mind, might have some great universal ethical purpose and begin to look for the new technologies that Immanuel Kant intuitively glimpsed. This is about the optical spiritual, or holographic, engineering principles that Plato wrote about.

The harmonic balancing of the decay of matter with Sir Isaac Newton's more natural profound balancing philosophy, describes some sort of entanglement between the the energies of decay and evolving creative consciousness. This is known as quantum entanglement, a process existing between quantum mechanics and quantum biology. The biologist Dr Carl Johan Calleman, author of the book 'The Purposeful Universe' has quantised the functioning of the human cell. This allows us to identify the rather incredible nature of Immanuel Kant's sought for ethical electromagnetc ethical technology.

Dr Callerman notes that the male sperm propels itself to the ovum by a tiny electromagnetic motor, which is driving its tail. Upon entry to the ovum, the male motor morphs into a balanced Yin-Yang motor of life. This spark of life programs a universal message of evolution to the first bone created within the embryo, the sphenoid bone. The sphenoid vibrates with the seashell design of the inner ear, to provide the electromagnetic music of life that Plato referred to as Pythagoras' Music of the Spheres. Dr Richard Merrick of Texas University, in his book 'Interference' has mapped out the electromagnetic functioning of the Music of the Music of the Spheres within the functioning of evolving consciousness.

The Science-Art Research Centre of Australia discovered the mathematical structure of the Music of the Spheres governing the evolution of seashells through millions of years through space-time The discovery was reprinted by the worlds largest technological research institute IEEE SPIE Milestone Series in Washington in 1990. In 1995 the work won the Institute for Basic Research's Biology Prize for the discovery of new physics laws governing optimum biological growth and development through space-time. Since then, it has been discovered that the human sphenoid bone sings the same Music of the Spheres song of life, meaning that it is now possible to discover a practical technology from what was once called Plato's optical spiritual engineering principles.

The Science-Art Centre obtained experimental evidence by using special 3-D Glasses, of the existence of Plato's spiritual optics by discovering that, over the centuries some artists had unconsciously depicted holographic images into their paintings. The new technology is about humankind's evolving understanding of the nature of Einstien's protege, David Bohm's, infinite holographic universe. Now that the difference between aesthetics and ethics is understood, humankind is poised upon the threshold of what buckminster Fuller referred to as Uopia or Oblivion.

Within the Platonic tradition of Greek philosophy, Aristotle's ethical science was designed to become the basis of an ennobling medical politics for the health of the universe, so that the universe would not allow civilisation to become extinct. The Platonic-Fullerene Chemistry is part of that political medical science and it has no place for any aesthetic obsession to dominate politics or religious persuasions. For example, aesthetical appreciation of blond blue eyed people becoming a master race is not ethical, as also was using the aesthetics of Angel Physics to legalise the torture and burning alive of countless women and children as witches.

The 2008 Nobel Prize Winner in Medicine Dr Luc Montagnier, is among an emerging group of scholars who claim that evidence has been obtained to show that DNA can transport imprints of itself electromagnetically. To make teleportation ethical it would be necessary to change the general assumption that nature will find some way to cull overpopulation. Transparent global medical scientific research, available to the people must come into existence to allow ethical debate on such issues to occur. That very process, acting in defiance of being governed by the present understanding of unbalanced entropic decay, will demonstrate the existence of new technologies, for the betterment of the human condition, far beyond the ability of an entropic mindset to even imagine.

Professor Robert Pope (C)

A Different View of Science

The time has come to re-evaluate unexplainable and "unscientific" discoveries and disciplines with radically new paradigms that better reflect the needs of modern man. The current principles of technological science must be examined to see if they still function in Humanities best interest. To apply Newtonian concepts and three dimensional logic to disciplines like Astrology of discoveries like ESP, neutrinos and black holes is going to cause science to blunder into a philosophical cul-de-sac where it will have to draw useless and ridiculous conclusions that will make good Sci-Fi plots but will retard human evolution.

Our needs at this point in Humanity's evolution are not for more and more sophisticated missiles, computers, and electronic gadgets but rather for a purpose and reason for man to continue to evolve on earth. The main paradigm of science since Newton has been to dominate and control out total environment for our own needs and desires. The fact that these desires were usually selfish, nationalistic and petty has not stopped science (and its handmaiden technology) from pushing humans to the brink of extinction. It is apparent that science in its 200 year quest to create a world of good and plenty has neglected to set any conceptual goals of limits in its search.As the myth of man's superiority over his environment crumbles, science has neglected to look for a replacement, and consequently it continues to use the same old solutions for an entirely new set of problems.

As the 20th century comes to an end, the scientific community is being confronted with more and more discoveries and theories that ate totally incompatible with the three dimensional five sense world that was defined scientifically over three hundred years ago.In order for science to face this confrontation over the next twenty-five years it will have to do three things:1. Discard if necessary, any three dimensional sense based paradigms that are no longer relevant to mans total evolution.2. Develop new paradigms that will make the apparently incomprehensible discoveries and disciplines of today more meaningful so that they might give us a renewed perspective on our world.3. Use this perspective to build a broader, more relevant myth so that will enable humanity to define a renewed purpose and goal for its evolution. Point one looks simple, but, it is really quite difficult. Over the years, science has made a lot of assumptions that it accepts as fact. To convenience scientists otherwise is extremely difficult due to a smug assumption of their own intelligence and wisdom.One of the first ideas of science that will have to for is that if a theory cannot be proved analytically by some sort of empirical means, it is of no value and should be ignored.

Potentially valuable disciplines like Yoga, Astrology, and acupuncture are discarded using this logic.This thought is further reinforced by a corollary principle that says if something does not have the potential to either make someone rich of fulfill a paranoid need for collective protection it is not worth pursuing. Solar energy suffers under the former and the Pentagon thrives on the latter.A more esoteric and obsolete principle of science that is rarely defined is the assumption that present knowledge is the culmination of a long trail of experimentation and error. The scientists of Galileo's time felt that the earth was the center of the solar system. They "proved" it according to their subjective notions, and felt that the idea was "right".We smugly look back and consider the acceptance of the heliocentric solar system as a naive but necessary step in our attempt to understand the solar system, which we now consider completely understood. It is obvious if you think about it that our current knowledge is no more complete in an absolute sense than that of Copernicus. His theory was a big step above Galileo just as Galileo was a big step above Cro-Magnon's.

There is no real reason to believe that a different model of the solar system might not be discovered which will make our present knowledge seem just as naive as Galileo.Another paradigm that is obsolete is the statement that an observable fact is more valid than a subjective one. The word valid in this context is defined as being useful for social or personal growth enhancement.One fact that comes to mind that is not particularly valid is that the earth is round. We all know it's round, but subjectively, seeing it as flat is just as valid. Deep down we do not believe that is round anyway, otherwise we would be afraid of going to Australia; as we might fall off into space. Considering the world subjectively as flat has no disadvantages and in fact is more useful for our functional conception of the world.Another related fact that has no practical meaning to our everyday life is that the sun is the center of the solar system and the earth revolves around it at 17,000 mph. A moments thought will convince anybody that we are forced by our senses to deny this as we see the sun revolving around the earth and consider the earth as being stationery.Any fact has to be looked at in this manner. As the meaning of facts is relative to our sense of reality. Considering the earth as the relative center of the solar system enabled humanity to utilize the earth's biosphere in a functional practical manner, as the concept of day, month, and growing season are easier to conceptualize assuming the sun revolves around the earth. It turns out that the only use a heliocentric conception of the solar system has is in esoteric technological abstractions such as launching space ships and satellites.

It must be stated that I am not advocating the re-acceptance of the geocentric solar system, rather, I am presenting the idea that both views are valid for different things, and for science to totally disregard the subjective aspects of observable phenomena is not in humanities best interest.Another attitude of science that is no longer functional is that present knowledge is always valid and anything new must be subjected to years of proving and analysis to be accepted. The introduction of antiseptic procedures and anesthetics into medicine are two of the most famous examples.The paradigms that I have mentioned are not all inclusive, as science has many more that could be changed. It must be understood that I am not advocating the examination and editing of every scientific axiom, but rather a change of perspective about scientific discoveries that would put the accent on what humanity needs a opposed to what it wants.The elimination of these various principle and axioms automatically implies establishing new ones.

The ones I just mentioned were relevant and useful in their time frame, and grew out of the experience of humans during different periods that make this period ideal for reformulating our most basic scientific concepts.The first new principles I propose is that a discovery of theory will be accepted and disseminated if it shows a definite potential to fulfill a social need. Society as an entity often asks questions in its own way. The answer to these questions is best met by the symbol. A theory should be judged by its symbolic power to either alter humanities perception or to fulfill a collective need. The idea of " proving" it should be secondary. As a corollary to this principal, I propose that a scientific discovery or theory be submitted to other disciplines for analysis. If artists and philosophers could have had a say in the use of napalm, a lot of human suffering might have been avoided.Another principle that I feel would enable science to arrive at more valid conclusions to today's phenomena would be to accept the idea that our three dimensional world is real, but does not encompass reality. This statement has been accepted as fact for years by all occult societies, some religions, and many philosophers. The scientists have dealt with it by ignoring it.

The physics of sub-atomic particles would be the obvious place for this principle to be applied. Two of the established conclusions of this discipline already postulate that atoms, which compose " solid" objects are mostly space, and are moving rapidly and that matter is not an actual substance but rather a particular form of energy.Throughout history, visions, ideas, and dreams, although not " real " have altered the world and its people. Concepts like the Jewish state, Christianity, and Communism are three of the best examples. If science could accept ideas like ESP and telepathy without insisting on three dimensional proof, our world might progress differently.A companion to the above principle is that phenomena that is experienced by senses other than the obvious five be considered to have an equal potential for becoming valid and useful. Carl Jung's dream analysis and the ideas of Robert Assagioli offer tremendous potential for improving psychology's usefulness if they could be applied with a more pragmatic attitude.These new principles of science would only be a start. Using them would cause a weakening of the uniqueness of the scientific method.

The positive aspects would be to make science more closely aligned with the other evolutionary disciplines of art and philosophy. The potential of such a synthetic discipline formed from the best aspects of art, philosophy, science and mathematics would be tremendous. Such a discipline could be called homosynthesis and would be ideal for humanities apparent future needs.As things stand now, the implications of today's discoveries will become more and more unreal and fantastic if we continue using present phenomena, the further examination of such " scientific" discoveries as black holes and quarks must be done within a less rigid framework in order for them to ever become meaningful for humanity. At present, the conclusion that " modern science" has drawn from them sounds ridiculous. Black holes imply a disappearance of time, matter, and space itself out of the universe possess a quality so exotic that it is referred to as "charm", for want of a better word. Neutrinos have no mass, no charge and do not leave a trail in a bubble chamber, yet science admits their existence.

Using some of the principles I have postulated would be a good start to make some sense out of the apparent nonsense described above.People look to science for many of the myths we use to give subjective meaning to our existence. The myth that humans have the wisdom and ability to distort natural processes without any negative effects has strongly defined our reality over the last fifty years. Another one is that humans have an infinite capacity for wisdom, and that the rapid application of every scientific discovery, regardless of our understanding of the affects of the implications, is in our best interest.The new principles that I have proposed could lead to new myths. The idea that an individual is part of something beyond his comprehension can lead to an intelligent humility that would convert man from a paranoid antagonist against an unknown foe to an enlightened part of a vast cosmic whole. Instead of seeing things like black holes and quarks as fantastic outside concepts attacking our cherished notions, we could accept them as doors that open into a higher level of cosmic integration. We could become conscious cooperators in our own evolution, with each new discovery leading us to another in a never ending path toward our ultimate destiny.

New Mobile Phones - Phones With New Technologies & Functionalities

It is the advanced science and technology which have led to so much developments in the domain of communication. Innumerable ultimate features can be seen with modern phones. As far as increasing competition is concerned, number of phonemakers are involved in the telecommunication business. Inorder to prove supremacy and uniqueness, every leading phone makers are availing best service and phone deal for users. New mobile phones are increasing in numbers day by day to meet increasing demands of people. Come boasted with longlisted features, new smartphones have made the communication process more significant as well as worthwhile.

Every phone company is trying hard and harder to present the latest handset in the market. And, this has resulted in the increase of phone users base on a large scale. Nokia, Samsung, Motorola, Sony Ericsson, LG etc are masters of phone world. New and latest phones presented by them appear with style and grace to catch the audience. Phones presented by these companies are innovative and are appeared by keeping into mind up-to-the-minute advancements on the part of technology.

Video calling, AMOLED touchscreen support, QWERTY keyboard, video blogging, 3G network, Wi-Fi services etc are some advanced phone features which can be seen in new handsets. Apart from these, several business features can also be seen with them. In short, modern handsets are equally special and useful for general and business users. On the entertainment front, one can get entertained with built-in music player, FM Radio, embedded games, collection of ringtones & wallpaper and many more. More stuffs can be download easily.

What makes new mobile phones special in real sense? Splendid design, sophisticated features, outstanding quality standards etc are enticing features which set apart modern devices with regular phones. One thing is common among different phone makers. Handsets of such recognized brands assure users to get best without any glitch. Well, one would be thinking that these devices come with high price tag. But, this is not the fact. These new handsets appear with cheap price tag which any low budget user can manage to purchase. Nokia N900, Sony Ericsson Satio, Samsung Diva S7070 are attractions of 2010.

Apart from good quality standards, the thing which sets apart new phones with regular ones is the wonderful phone deal. Most of the advanced models of major phone brands come with mind blowing phone deal. If someone goes for contract phone deal, one can get two things. First thing, price becomes much low as compared to others and second thing is that one can get chance to work with free electronic gifts. Moreover, some free phone services are also available like phone insurance, free calls, free messaging services and many more.

Phone deals are available with different network providers. Leading network providers of UK are Vodafone,Virgin, Orange, O2, Three and T-mobile. One can compare deals with these providers to find out the suitable one. Phone comparison portals are running successfully in large numbers. Users can sought help from such phone portals inorder to differentiate them. Cost free browsing can enable one to browse the whole site and go through every segment to check the efficiency of site. After all, it is all about saving hard-earned money. So, keep yourself updated with the news and affairs of New mobile phones to get more benefited.

Bachelor Science Degree A Good Start For High-Tech Fields

It's very well known that one industry that seems to be skirting the current economic recession is computer science and information technology. There have been personnel who have gone from full-time status to temp, but there is still plenty of work out there. What's interesting is one of the most in-demand occupations in this industry is Customer Relations Management, a/k/a CRM.

A recently published report from a major computer temp firm actually came up with some surprising news. CRM personnel should be expecting above-average raises over the next year. Two positions in particular, Business Analysts and Technical Development, are especially in demand.

CRM Technical Development personnel work closely with a corporations marketing department. They are primarily responsible for developing programs and other reporting methods for client feedback and response. This is a vital function considering the constant developments going down in the computer science field.

Those interested in pursuing this field should have exceptional written and oral communications skills. They should also have an outstandingly analytical mind with equally exceptional computer/programming skills. Entry level positions require a BA or BS in some form of Computer Science or Information Technology, with classes in such areas as MCCM, Unica and Alterian. They should also be proficient in such packages as Microsoft Office (including Power Point, Excel and Word). General retail experience is a definite plus.

As for Business Analysis, they work closely with the Technical Development personnel, gathering the data the latter compiles and implementing programs and campaigns to keep the customers coming back for more. Many times they are team leaders, supervising an array of information tech, marketing and customer service personnel.

A person interested in this field should look for an on-campus or online college that offers a strong business course load, particularly in public relations and/or marketing. One can also gain entry level positions with either a BA or BS degree in Computer Science or Information Technology. General retail experience is also a very strong plus, as is fluency in various computer applications.

According to the report, CRM Business Analysts currently are paid anywhere from $65,000 to $89,000 a year, based in part on location, experience and their general knowledge of various applications. CRM Technical Development personnel earn more, from $73,000 to $97,500, considering the same conditions. As for demand, the report states both positions should see their salaries increased by as much as 5% in 2011. This is well above the national average for salary increases these days and a reflection for the demand of these skilled white collar workers. It should also be noted that these salaries actually become greater if either types have knowledge of Java, C++, Linux and a number of other applications or programs.

New Technology Helps Pain Sufferers

In my last article I outlined the importance of uncovering the underlying cause of pain first, before deciding upon a treatment. This has not changed, this is still your most important first step.

However, a new technology from the space program could well be a fast safe way to uncover the underlying cause of pain, loss of mobility or other health related discomfort, making this first step much easier and more accurate.

This technology was first designed to uncover stress points on the space shuttle. It is, also, now used to test the various components of jet aircraft. And, now it has been revamped, modified and repurposed for use in determining vertebrae movement in the spine.

Healthcare professionals, such as Chiropractors, tell us your nervous system pass nerve impulses or information to the brain through your spinal cord which then passes those impulses through a network of nerves to all organs of the body. These nerves find their way to the various organs of the body by going through small openings between each vertebrae.

Consequently, even a small misalignment of such vertebrae will put pressure on nerves immediately under it. This pressure interferes with the normal flow of nerve impulses to that part of the body or organ that the nerve is associated with. In that manner interferes with the normal function of that organ or may cause unusual sensations or pain in a specific area of the body.

Chiropractic has for decades found success in treating many ailments through a process of spinal manipulation to re-align the vertebrae. However, they these healthcare professionals have had to rely on feeling the vertebrae to find the points of misalignment or use X-rays. Now this has changed.

With this new technology an instrument connected to a specially programmed computer analyzes the movement capacity of each vertebrae as it is passed over the spine, beginning at the base of the skull and proceeding down the spine. While you do hear a tapping sound and feel a tapping sensation as it is being passed down your spine, the procedure is entirely painless.

Even more importantly, this same technology also can be used to re-adjust the alignment of any misaligned vertebrae. What this means is a procedure that is totally painless, drug free and injection free is now available as an effective alternative to other invasive, drug related protocols.

While it does look, like it came out of science fiction, you don't have to wait for Scotty to beam you up to the star-ship for treatment, you may find it in your own home city anywhere in the USA, Canada, or the UK. All you need do is call your local chiropractor, ask him or her if he is licensed to use the Proadjuster technology.

IT Careers With a Computer Science Major

If you spent most of your high school in the computer lab learning how to make it do cool things by stringing together a bunch of words that might look like gibberish to the uninitiated, but to you they spell "code," then you are among the lucky few who have a clear career path ahead of them.

Yes, computer science may be a lot more than writing programs, but for a lot of IT professionals, that's where the seeds of passion are sown.

So, if you are passionate about making this wondrous little machine do wonderful things and have a few other qualities like an aptitude for math, logical and analytical ability, and problem solving skills, then you are an ideal candidate for computer science programs.

A computer science major will give you the opportunity to work with cutting edge technologies in a broad spectrum of exciting jobs that involve designing software, writing code, maintaining systems, managing database, etc. Some of the popular computer science careers are as follows:

1. Computer Programmer:

A computer programmer uses programming languages like C++, Java, etc. to write a series of commands that a computer follows to complete a task. Programmers are also responsible for testing, debugging, modifying, and expanding existing programs.

Computer programmers can find employment in a variety of industries ranging from IT firms to financial institutions. As they get more technical and business experience, programmers may be promoted to senior roles as lead programmers, systems analysts, or managers leading a team of programmers.

Besides a computer science degree, those interested in programming may benefit by professional certifications in JAVA II, C++, Microsoft ASP, etc.

2. Database Administrators:

Database administrators are responsible for the design, implementation, maintenance, and repair of an organization's database. They may also be responsible for formulating policies and procedures regarding the management, security, and use of the database.

Candidates can boost their chances of employment by completing professional certifications like Structured Query Language (SQL), SAP, etc after completing their computer science degree.

Like computer programmers, database administrators are also employed in a wide range of industries such as technology and telecommunication companies, financial firms, government agencies, etc. Many database administrators are promoted to managerial positions in their organizations depending on factors such as their education level, experience, and the ability to stay on top of emerging technologies.

3. Network Administrators:

Network administration has emerged as one of the most popular computer science careers. Network administrators install and maintain hardware and software that make up an organization's computer system. They are responsible for the smooth running of a company's LAN, WAN, Internet, Intranet, and security systems. In some organizations, network administrators are also given the task of designing and deploying networks.

Those who have a bachelor's degree in computer science along with professional certifications in A +, CCNA, Novell-C.N.A, C.N.E.- Advanced Administration, etc. are likely to enjoy good employment opportunities.

The good news for individuals interested in computer science degrees is that the U.S. Department of Labor has projected excellent job prospects for two of these three IT careers through 2018.*

There is growing evidence that computer science majors are back on the radar of technology companies looking to hire IT professionals who are not just technically sound, but also business savvy and skilled at solving problems and communication.


Finding New Technology Videos Online

Technology touches the life of everybody. Call yourself a techie or not, you just can't help taking notice of its presence in virtually every aspect of our life today. Technology is also evolving at a rapid pace. It is of a very dynamic nature, changing and evolving rapidly, becoming more powerful, more sophisticated and fortunately, more affordable. It's no wonder then that technology news is never a static field. There's a new improvement being made every minute, a new product being launched every hour, a new technology being ushered into our lives every day. For those who love science and technology, and also for those who are not so favorable inclined towards it, technology news always has something for everybody.

With the advent of the Internet, and the subsequent proliferation of Internet technologies, online videos have been given a whole new lease of life. This is the age of fast connectivity and super fast data transmission over the Internet. The general experience of watching videos online has improved manifold. Online video services, such as, Google Videos, and so on are very popular and receive huge amounts of traffic every day.

One of the reasons why people visit these resources in thousands everyday is to view various technology videos, especially new technology videos. Of course one can read about them in various blogs and news sites. But getting to see the technology in action is a different experience altogether. After all, a picture is worth a thousand words. Product demos are very popular in this respect.

Whenever a new product is made available to the public, or the launch of one is announced, people everywhere get inquisitive about it. They wish to learn more about this new offering and also wish to know more about the technology involved, its features, its benefits, etc. Fortunately, the Internet carries many videos that showcase these products. They help in providing a sneak preview of an unreleased product or a video review of a popular one to help prospective buyers take the right decision about buying the product.

It is said, 'If everything else fails, Google it!' Well, in other words, it implies that there's nothing that you can't find if you search for it on the Internet. The same goes for technology videos too. Search and thou shalt find it.

Information Technology Something New?

When people hear the words "Information Technology," the first things that come to mind are computers and the Internet. It may also bring up words like "network," "intranet," "server," "firewall," "security," as well as more arcane expressions such as "router," "T-1," "Ethernet," or the mysterious and exotic-sounding "VoIP" (pronounced "voyp").

In fact, information technology is all of these things, and more. It's hardly new, however. Information technology is as old as the brain itself, if you think of the brain as an information processor. As far as I.T. being a science, even that goes back as far as the earliest attempts to communicate and store information.

And that is essentially what information technology is: the communication and storage of information, along with the ability to process and make use of the information stored. In this chapter, we'll begin with a brief history of I.T., what it comprises today, and the different major types of I.T. systems available today.

A Short History of Information Technology

As human societies have grown in size and complexity, so has the need to collect, store and transmit information. While it could be argued that brains represent a form of "bio-information technology," Greek word "Tektra" - from which we get the word "technology" - really refers to scientific or mechanical knowledge, particularly that which involves the use of tools. Therefore, we'll begin our journey with humans first attempts to record and transmit knowledge through mechanical means.

The Neolithic Period and the Bronze Age

We might not have thought of it as "information technology" several thousand years ago when we as a species were painting animals on cave walls. But in fact that may be exactly what it was.

Using a combination of tools that included manganese "crayons" and clay that was colored with various pigments, early humans left these images on the walls of a cave near Lascaux, France and on cliffs in the Algerian Sahara.

These have been dated as being approximately 18,000 and 8,000 years old respectively. Unfortunately, there is no way to be certain exactly what message was being communicated (a problem our own descendants 15,000 years from now may very well encounter from what we leave behind!)

Since the images depict animals that were commonly hunted at the time, and given the importance of game animals to a hunting-gathering culture, it's possible that such images were attempts to present information about such game, or part of a rite designed to ensure a successful hunt.

The invention of writing systems - including pictograms such as hieroglyphics, alphabetic writing and "syllabic" systems - seems to have taken place almost at the same time as the development of agriculture. Agriculture introduced such formerly unknown concepts as land ownership, advanced trade and the accumulation of wealth, which in turn led to more complex societal structures.

As you might expect, this necessitated more detailed and efficient record-keeping. Alphabetic writing has a substantial advantage over pictograms (hieroglyphs), because a relatively limited number of symbols (letters) can be used over and over in infinite combination to communicate nearly anything. (As you will see later, modern I.T. uses only two of these symbols!)

Preserving and storing such information posed certain challenges; information either had to be inscribed on stone or clay tablets (which were heavy) or animal skins, wax tablets or papyrus (which weren't durable).

The Hellenistic World

The Classical Greeks were the first people of record to attempt to find scientific, rational explanations for natural phenomena. Some of the earliest proto-computers known were mechanical devices developed by the Greeks. One of these was a form of abacus (which also developed and was used in ancient China). The device facilitated and simplified mathematical calculation.

Consider REALLY early Greco-Roman Abacus

Another early computational device was the antikthera, greek in origin. An antikthera was discovered by a Greek sponge diver over a century ago, it was only recently that this 2100-year-old device was reconstructed and shown to be an early form of computer designed to chart the movements of the sun, moon and five planets known at the time.

Early Programmable Devices

By the time the gradual break-up and fall of the Roman Empire was complete in the year 476 C.E., scientific and technological advances in the Western world had ground to a halt. While much of the scientific knowledge of the Greeks was preserved by Irish monks and Arab scholars, it wasn't until the fourteenth century that principles of engineering were rediscovered and applied to information. The first of these was of course the printing press.

Although the concept of movable type printing had been developed in China some four hundred years earlier, it was Gutenberg's device in 1447 that revolutionized communications, making it easier and faster to record and disseminate information than ever before. The first truly programmable device would not come along for another 354 years, however.

The Jacquard Loom of 1801 was a product of the Industrial Revolution. This invention used a series of specially punched paper cards that functional as templates, allowing for the automatic weaving of highly intricate patterns. Those punch cards became very significant to computing in the 1950's, 60's and 70's.

The next development was Charles Babbage's "Analytical Machine" - a fully-programmable computer that unfortunately was never actually built. Babbage worked on designs from 1837 until his passing in 1871. This steam-powered mechanism would have also utilized punch cards, with a central processing unit (CPU) and a form of memory storage in the form of a system of pegs inserted into rotating barrels.

The Analytical Machine would have been capable of storing 1,000 numbers of up to fifty digits each, and perform six different mathematical operations, including the calculation of square roots. Babbage's ideas were incorporated into early electronic computing devices being developed in the late 1930's and 1940's, although not all of these were actually programmable. The first truly programmable computers - able to store and use information - did not come into common use until the 1950's, and yes - made use of punch cards (those born before 1965 may remember playing with them).

Of course most people born in the 70's, 80's and 90's just take for granted that the Information Technology we have today is from fairley recent developments in science, mechanics and electronics. But we know different now don't we. And therefore can better appreciate what we have available to us now.